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Daily Video for June 30 – Charles Guiteau Executed

TODAY IN HISTORY…

The Execution of Charles Guiteau, Presidential Assassin

On June 30, 1882, the assassin of President James Garfield, Charles Guiteau was executed for his crime in Washington DC.

A disgruntled office seeker, Guiteau had been stalking the President for months seeking an appointment as the US Consul to Paris.  Rebuked for the final time, he ambushed and shot Garfield in the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington DC on July 2, 1881.  Garfield died 11 weeks later after extensive treatment by a large team of doctors.  These even included Alexander Graham Bell who tried using and early version of his telephone technology to find the bullets that struck the President.  It is believed that had the doctors followed simple antiseptic practices, new to the time, that Garfield may have survived his wounds.

Check out this video on the assassination:

On This Day, Video

Daily Video for June 29 – iPhone Released to the World

TODAY IN HISTORY…

The First iPhone is REleased in the US

On June 29, 2007, after months of waiting, the first iPhones are released for sale in the US.  The revolutionary phone from Apple included touchscreen controls similar to their iPod devices, with the capability of also being a strong telephone and Internet engine.  Running on a computer operating system similar to an Apple computer, these devices ushered in the era of the Smartphones, forever changing how people communicate.

Check out this video of Steve Jobs’ original announcement of the iPhone from January, 2007:

On This Day, Video

Daily Video for June 26 – Berlin Airlift Begins

TODAY IN HISTORY…

Breaking the Berlin Blockade

On June 26, 1948 planes began flying over Soviet-controlled East Germany and dropping supplies into the city of West Berlin in what became known as the Berlin Airlift.

After the partition of Germany and its capital city after World War II, the allied controlled portion of Berlin was completely enveloped within Soviet controlled (and communist) East Germany.  The Soviets had blocked all access into the city by land and rail two days before in an effort to choke the Allied forces out, becoming one of the first conflicts in what would become the Cold War.  The blockade was lifted on May 12, 1949, but British and American planes continued to fly supplies into West Berlin until September 30 of that year.

Check out this video:

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Daily Video for June 25 – Grand Reunion of 1913

TODAY IN HISTORY…

CIvil War Veterans 50th Anniversary Reunion

On June 25, 1913, Union and Confederate veterans begin arriving in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania for what will become known as the Grand Reunion, commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg.  Held from June 29-July 4th, over 53,000 veterans of the Civil War were in attendance, most camping in “field conditions” as they had during the war 50 years earlier.

Marked by several events, including a visit from President Woodrow Wilson, and a re-enactment of Pickett’s Charge by original participants, this was the largest Civil War encampment since the end of hostilities, and the largest reunion of veterans ever.  25 years later, another reunion would be held on the same field, the last of its kind.

Check out these videos:

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Daily Video for June 24 – Mary Pickford Makes Millions

TODAY IN HISTORY…

The First Female Million DOllar Film Star

On June 24, 1916, Mary Pickford, arguably the first female film mega-star, signs a million dollar contract with Adolph Zukor’s Famous Players (later Paramount Pictures), giving her full control over what films she can star in and earning her a salary of $10,000 a week (over $235,000 today).

Already one of the biggest stars of silent film, her fame will only grow as a result.  She will go on to become one of the first female film directors and producers, and in 1920 will invest in 1/4 of her own film studio, United Artists, along with stars Douglas Fairbanks, Charlie Chaplin, and director D.W. Griffith.

Check out these videos about Mary, her early films, and United Artists:

On This Day, Video

Daily Video for June 23 – Welcome to the SAT

TODAY IN HISTORY…

The First SAT is Administered

On June 23, 1926, the College Board, a non-profit organization tasked with standardizing assessments to aid in college admissions, administers the first SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test).  This test was taken at a lightning pace, only 90 minutes were given for students to answer 315 questions, compared to the 3 hours used today for the SAT.

While it’s been modified many times over the years, and has faced intense scrutiny for it’s ability to accurately test a student’s aptitude given inherent biases and questions as to whether or not it’s only testing a student’s ability to take a test, the SAT remains one of the most commonly used college admissions measures and a rite of passage for high school students across the nation.

Check out these videos about the SAT:

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Daily Video for June 22 – Erich Maria Remarque Born

TODAY IN HISTORY…

Happy Birthday, Erich Maria REmarque

Born on June 22, 1898, Erich Maria Remarque served in the German army during World War I.  His novel, All Quiet on the Western Front, written about his experiences in the war became an international best-seller in 1928, and created a new literary genre that focused on a soldier’s physical and emotional stresses in battle and the struggles they had returning to civilian life after the conflict.

 

Check out this video summarizing All Quiet on the Western Front:

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Daily Video for June 19 – Sports Firsts!

TODAY IN HISTORY…

FIrst REcorded Baseball Game & First NASCAR Race

On June 19, 1848, the first recorded baseball game under Alexander Cartwright’s rules (those that would be most recognizable to those used today) is played in Hoboken, NJ.  Amateur teams played and the New York Base Ball CLub defeated the Knickerbockers 23-1 with Cartwright himself umpiring.

Exactly 101 years later, on June 19, 1949, the first NASCAR stock race is held at the Charlotte Speedway.  Tracing its origins to Prohibition and the modification of cars by bootleggers to outrun police, after alcohol was legalized again, these drivers still kept up racing, but this time in competition with each other.  In 1947, seeing a lack of formal rules, the National Association of Stock Car Auto Racing is established, and formal races are held, with the first “strictly stock” race, the format most commonly held today, is run with Jim Roper winning.

A Brief History of Baseball:

 

A Brief History of NASCAR:

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Daily Video for June 18 – NYC Checker Taxis Begin Service

TODAY IN HISTORY…

The First CHecker Cabs Hit the Road

On June 18, 1923, the first iconic Checker Cab hits the street in New York City.  While taxi services have been in existence in some form since the early 17th century, the yellow painted cars with the checkerboard stripes from New York have become the iconic symbols of taxis everywhere.

While the last Checker Cab was retired in 2009, the cars remain instantly recognizable and highly collectible by car enthusiasts.

Check out this video to see different Checker Cabs over the years:

On This Day, Video

Daily Video for June 17 – The Battle of Bunker Hill

TODAY IN HISTORY…

The Battle of Bunker HIll in Boston

On June 17, 1775, with the city of Boston under siege by the British Army, American colonists began establishing fortifications on hills surrounding the city to defend it, and the British did the same to attack it.  Two of these, Breed’s Hill and Bunker Hill were key objectives for both armies.

On this day, intense battles were fought on both hills, and while the American troops retreated from the field, making this a British victory, they inflicted heavy losses on the British army, including many officers — showing this would not be the easy war the British had hoped for.

Learn more here: